Volkswagen Passat Canada
The Volkswagen Passat is a full sized sedan manufactured by the Volkswagen Group since 1973, it started as a 2-door and 4-door compact sedan, a more complete version of the then popular Volkswagen Jetta. The first Passat shared the same Jetta platform and was sold as the VW Quantum, Dasher and Santana in other countries. The Volkswagen Passat CC is a performance based version of the Passat which was unveiled in 2008 in between the full sized Passat and luxury Volkswagen Phaeton which was designed by Porsche.
The first generation Passat was released in 1973, designed by Giorgetto Giugiaro, who worked on the original Volkswagen Golf, some Porsche and Audi models and the 1966 Ford Mustang prototype. The Passat was an instant hit in Canada and Europe and was named Car of the Year in 1974, Audi re-badged the Passat in Europe and sold it as the Audi 80. The first Passat was powered by a 1.3L engine with 54HP and an optional 1.5L SOHC engine with 74HP coupled with a 4-speed manual transmission or 3-speed automatic transmission. The 1975 Passat received an upgraded 1.6L engine while a diesel engine was added to the Passat lineup in 1978.
The second generation Passat arrived to Canadian dealers in 1981, in Canada it arrived as the Volkswagen Quantum in a 3-door hatchback, 4-door sedan and a the family friendly station wagon, the 3-door hatchback Passat was discontinued in 1984. The VW Quatum in Canada arrived with a 1.7L SOHC engine and received an updated 1.9L engine in 1984, by the end of 1985 Volkswagen had manufactured over 4 millions Passats. The third generation arrived to Canada in 1990 with a new curvier exterior design was a stark contrast from its classy boxy look. The new Passat was based on a new platform designed by Volkswagen for the VW Golf and Jetta, it was the first time the Passat arrived in Canada using the Passat nameplate, It was powered by a 2.0L 16-valve engine with an optional VR6 2.8L engine manufactured by Porsche for the performance based Passat model.
The fourth generation Passat was launched worldwide in 1996 based on the Audi A4 B5 platform, Volkswagen wanted to include the Passat as a luxury sedan under $30,000 and won multiple awards including the 1998 "Best Medium Car" award and "Best Family Car" in 1999. It was the first Passat to feature independent suspension and an optional 4WD 4motion designed by Audi. It received a slight redesign in 2001 with new headlights and tail lights, with a fully loaded luxury model was released the same year powered by a 4.0L W8 engine and standard 4motion 4WD. The 2003 Passat made headlines when it was available with a 2.0L TDI turbo charged diesel engine, making it the only diesel mid-sized sedan in Canada, while the V6 2.8L engine is also very popular in Canada.
The sixth generation Passat was unveiled at the Geneva AutoShow in 2005, using a new longer A5 platform shared with the Volkswagen Tiguan and 2012 VW Beetle. It carried over the optional 4motion 4-wheel drive model and upgraded the traction using the Haldex traction multiplate clutch which improved handling and better fuel economy. A new fuel stratified injection is used which improves torque and fuel mileage. The 2007 Passat in Canada is powered by a 2.0L turbo charged engine with an optional 3.6L VR6 engine upgrade which include the 4WD 4motion, with the launch of the Volkswagen Passat CC in Canada the VR6 engine was discontinued for the Passat and is now only available on the Volkswagen CC the same applies for the 4motion package. The Volkswagen CC (comfort coupe) is a performance based 4-door coupe based on the Passat as a luxury upgrade to the already fully loaded Passat and competes directly with the Volkswagen Phaeton with a sporty performance engine, FAW VW which is the Chinese manufacturer for Volkswagen released a 2010 Volkswagen CC with two engines the 1.8L turbo and 2.0T upgrade.
Like the last generation Jetta which was designed by Volkswagen Mexico, the last generation Passat was designed for the North American market and is not available in Europe which continues to market the sixth generation Passat. The 2012 Passat is manufactured at Volkswagen's new plant in Chattanooga, Tennessee which began production on the new Passat in April 2011. The new plant is now Volkswagen Group of America's manufacturing headquarters in North America. The new Passat is built on a modified PQ46 platform and is labeled as Passat NMS (New Midsize Sedan) to differentiate it from the current B7 Passat, there is 7-passenger SUV concept in the works built on this same platform to compete with the popular Honda Pilot, and will be manufactured at Volkswagen's Tennessee plant.
The 2012 Volkswagen Passat in Canada is powered by a 2.5L, 170HP engine on the base model Passat Trendline, while the Comfortline and Highline include an optional 3.6L FSI 24-valve turbocharged engine with 280HP, they include a standard 5-speed manual transmission, with an optional 6-speed automatic transmission and an upgraded DSG automatic with Tiptronic transmission for the performance geared turbocharged model. The 2012 Passat is also available with a 2.0L TDi diesel engine with 140HP, while the Volkswagen Passat CC Sportline and Highline models are powered with a turbocharged 2.0L TSI engine with 200HP with an optional turbocharged V6 3.6L VR6 engine designed by Porsche. Various trim features for the 2012 Passat include 17 inch allow wheels, sunroof, leather seats, KESSY keyless access with start and stop button, tire pressure monitoring system and electronic stability control. For entretaiment it features a 6.5 inch touch screen audi system with SD card reader and SIRIUS Satellite Radio. With an optional Sport Package which adds 18 inch allow rims, carbon exterior trim and rear spoiler giving the Passat a sportier profile and aerodynamics.